Throwback Thursday

Courtesy of the Eddie Herrman Archives

 

1911- Mt. Pleasant Constable Jo Baker arrests a troupe of Gypsies at Miller school because of a variety of complaints. (Southeast corner of Mt. Pleasant township).

1930- The first plane to land in Butler’s new airport, south of town, is piloted by Rowe Davidson, of Amoret. (Deems Farm Equipment location).

1871-Mr. Pickett is completely renovating the Pickett House and it is presenting an entirely new appearance, and has the best of the market to be set on the table for those stopping in Butler.

Pickett Hotel 1872 South end of the West side of the square.  Note the stagecoach in front.

Pickett Hotel 1872
South end of the West side of the square.
Note the stagecoach in front.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Throwback Thursday

Courtesy of the Eddie Herrman Archives

 

1869- A meeting is held in Butler to resolve getting the Tebo & Neosho railroad through Butler.  Approved is $300,000 in stock.  $200,000 is to be used for the Butler branch.

1897-James M. Cox is Adrian’s new Postmaster.

1921-The new Sprague Christian Church building is dedicated.  The old building burned last year.

1923-Late this afternoon a gasoline price war brought down the price at the pumps in Rich Hill.  The new price is 18.4 cents a gallon.

1931-The City of Rockville celebrates their 63rd anniversary of being founded by William Hardesty.  It was named for the extensive sandstone deposits surrounding.

 

 

 

 

 

Missouri Over There

arnold_0002_0002

 

 

 

The museum is proud do be collaborating  with the National World War I Museum for their most recent project Missouri Over There:  Exploring Missouri’s Role in WWI.  This project is a precursor to the statewide collaborative digitization project, Over There: Missouri and the Great War.  They have featured Bates County’s own James P Arnold and John Jurgen Dykman on their blog here:

http://missourioverthere.blogspot.com/2014/07/bates-county-historical-society-and.html

Bloodshed on the Square

At the beginning of December of 1862, a party led by Major White, was foraging in the vicinity of the Grand River in northern Bates county.  The party stopped at a local farm where they found a man by the name of Slater.  Slater was found to be armed and was taken into custody.

Slater was taken to Butler to be tried and was found guilty of his crime.  On 24 December 1862, the prisoner was taken from his cell and led to the west side of the square.  There he was blindfolded and forced to kneel.  The soldiers fired and Slater fell on his face, dead.  Six shots had been fired through his heart.

According to The History of Cass and Bates Counties the people of Butler had been invited to witness the execution by Major White.  Another account claims that everyone in the town had been forced to watch.  There were some  spectators on the northwest corner of the square that day.

1881 Bates County Tax Book entry for I.N. Davidson on line 16.

1881 Bates County Tax Book entry for I.N. Davidson on line 16.

 

The History of Cass and Bates Counties   published in 1883 states that the spot of Slater’s execution was approximately where the I.N. Davidson store stood then.  If we go to the 1881 Bates County Tax book we find that I.N Davidson paid taxes on a lot that comprised 3 feet of the south side of lot 1 and 20 feet of the north side of lot 2 of Block 10 on the Butler square.  Today it would be the building the sits between What To Wear on the south and Happy Hill Church on the north.

The vantage point of the crowd watching the Slater execution from the Inn Building.

The vantage point of the crowd watching the Slater execution from the Inn Building.

 

The vantage point of the crowd watching Slater's execution as seen from in front of City Hall.

The vantage point of the crowd watching Slater’s execution as seen from in front of City Hall. The I.N. Davidson store stood between the white car and What To Wear.

We don’t know who Major White was or what unit he was with.   We only know he arrived in Butler sometime in late 1862.  The only other mention of him we have is in a memoir by Annie (Cogswell) Collier whose father’s land ran up to the east side of the square. Annie was a Southerner and wasn’t too impressed with Major White to say the least.

We know even less about Mr.  Slater.  The History of Cass and Bates Counties simply states that he was from Cass County and suspected of being a Rebel.

 

Sources: The History of Cass and Bates counties, Missouri : containing a history of these counties, their cities, towns, etc. : biographical sketches of their citizens, general and local statistics, history of Missouri, map of Cass and Bates counties, etc.  National Historic Company, St. Joseph, Missouri. 1883

http://books.google.com/books/about/The_History_of_Cass_and_Bates_Counties_M.html?id=lNEyAQAAMAAJ

The Eddie Hermann Archives. Entry dated 24 December 1862, in  December binder , in which he states that the entire town was forced to watch the execution of Slater.

Shedding New Light on the Battle of Island Mound

Josephus Toothman: The Notorious Guerrilla of Island Mound

There is a lot that we don’t know about the Toothman family whose farm was garrisoned by the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers in October of 1862 and dubbed “Fort Africa”.  Two of the biggest questions concerning the Toothmans have been whether their farm was the intended destination for the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers and which son was the prisoner held at Fort Lincoln in Kansas.  Recent research has uncovered documents that help to shed some light on these questions. The Enoch and Christiana Toothman family consisted of two sons, Josephus C and John Fleming Toothman.  Enoch and Christiana also had five daughters, Amanda, Martha, Mary, Emizetia (she would later go by Emma) and Isabelle.    Of the two sons, Josephus or Joseph, was the eldest. He was sympathetic to the  southern cause and was very active in guerrilla activity in  Bates County during the summer of 1862.

An undated document found on Fold3 lists charges and specifications against Joseph Toothman. This document lists three charges which include the murder of Federal soldiers, desertion, and being a guerrilla.  According to the document, Joseph was involved in an ambush against Federal troops on or about 22 July 1862.  Two men were killed and a third was mortally wounded.  The witnesses are listed as McMullen, Armstrong and Miss Toothman, a sister of the prisoner.  It is unknown which sister bore witness against her brother or as to why she gave testimony against him.  It could be that she didn’t approve of his actions or was in some way coerced.

The second charge of desertion states that Joseph switched sides at the Battle of Lone Jack in August of 1862 to fight with McComb’s company (newly recruited Bates County men).  Joseph was one of several of Bates County men to abandon the Enrolled Missouri Militia and fight for the Confederacy.  Fighting alongside your friends and neighbors  was likely  more appealing than fighting against them and Joseph had already shown his sympathies with the attack in July.

The third charge specifically states that Joseph considered  himself a soldier in the Confederate army.  He was arrested for being armed and without furlough papers, so he was charged with being a guerilla.   This was “on or about” 26 September 1862. A clear picture of Joseph’s standing in regards to the Border troubles is beginning to emerge.

Undated document stating charges and specifications against Joseph Toothman.  www.fold3.com/image/#258641145. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Undated document stating charges and specifications against Joseph Toothman. http://www.fold3.com/image/#258641145. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Letter from Lieut.  George W Pierson to Major Henning written from Fort Lincoln and dated 11 October 1862. The letter outlines Joseph Toothman's confinement and the charges against him. www.fold3.com/image/#258641147. Accessed 15 April 2014.

Letter from Lieut. George W Pierson to Major Henning written from Fort Lincoln and dated 11 October 1862. The letter outlines Joseph Toothman’s confinement and the charges against him. http://www.fold3.com/image/#258641147. Accessed 15 April 2014.

The document from the U.S. Union Provost Marshal’s Papers, 1861-1867 database found on Ancestry.com, along with the Pierson letter found on Fold3,  offer clues that the Toothman farm was the intended destination for the 1st Kansas. It tells us that Joseph was confined on 11 October 1862 by order of Major B. S Henning. It goes on to state that he was sent to Fort Lincoln for confinement on 21 October 1862.   This answers the first question as to which brother was a prisoner at Fort Lincoln.

The documents also answer the question about  the Toothman farm being the intended destination.   Capt. Henry Seaman was given command of the expedition at Island Mound by Henning, who was at Fort Scott.   Both men were aware of Joseph in late September of 1862. Seaman would have been aware of the Toothman farm before his being given the expedition.   The unknown sister as a witness shows that someone had been to the farm prior to the 27th of October.  Joseph was transferred to Fort Lincoln a mere 6 days before the 1st Kansas arrived at the Toothman farm. All this shows that Seaman would have been well  informed as to the farm’s advantages as a base of operations and the family that lived there.  It’s no surprise that with Joseph’s arrest and confinement, Enoch and John Toothman were not at the house when the expedition arrived.

Charges against Joseph Toothman.  Document containing charges against Josephus and details of his confinement.  U. S. Union Provost Marshals' Papers database. www.ancestry.com.  Accessed 24 May 2013.

Charges against Joseph Toothman. Document containing charges against Josephus and details of his confinement. U. S. Union Provost Marshals’ Papers database. http://www.ancestry.com. Accessed 24 May 2013.

Charges against Joseph Toothman (reverse). U. S. Union Provost Marshal' 1861-1867 database.  www.ancestry.com. Accessed 24 May 2013

Charges against Joseph Toothman (reverse). U. S. Union Provost Marshal’ 1861-1867 database. http://www.ancestry.com. Accessed 24 May 2013

It’s possible that Joseph struck a deal while in Kansas.  He is released from confinement on 6 February 1863 and enlists in the 6th Kansas Cavalry the very next day. It seems his enlistment was a condition of his release. Was this the result of his providing sensitive  information while in confinement?    An account published in the Daily Times from Leavenworth, Kansas on 4 November 1862 names Toothman and Cockrell as being in command of the rebels on the Island. It’s logical that Josephus would have had intimate knowledge of the activities and plans of those on the Island.  Even if he wasn’t in command, he surely would’ve have known what was going on in his own neighborhood.

Many of the newspaper articles reporting on the Battle of Island Mound referred to the Toothman farm as being home to a “notorious guerrilla” echoing the very same phrase used in the charges against Joseph.  We now know to whom this phrase refers.  Those articles along with these three documents help to shape a better understanding of the Island Mound story. Research continues not only on the Toothman family but other families who made the vicinity of the Island their home.  This research will help form a richer understanding of Bates County and the events that took place here during that period of upheaval.  Josephus’ actions in 1862 set in motion  the 1st Kansas Colored Volunteers placement in history.  What more might we learn from the myriad names and families forgotten to history?

For more information on the Battle of Island Mound:

http://1stkcv.blogspot.com/

http://mostateparks.com/park/battle-island-mound-state-historic-site

http://www.ozarkscivilwar.org/archives/1197

Elizabeth Parkina; Part 2

Bates County Museum Collection

Bates County Museum Collection

Europe

Madame Mathilde Marchesi was  the preeminent  vocal teacher of her day.  Her students included Emma Calve, Nellie Melba, and Emma Eames to name a few.  All were women who would go on to have illustrious careers in the world of opera. Marchesi only accepted students with inherent vocal ability and those that showed promise.  Elizabeth was one of those girls.  She’d arrived in Paris in 1899 and was accepted into Madame Marchesi’s school.

Elizabeth got off to a shaky start in Paris. After a couple of years of study, she had a debut in Marseilles, France with a minor company that ended in failure. She then had her debut in Paris in the title role of Lakme at the Opera Comique in 1902. She was eventually forced to resign from the Opera-Comique  “because of petty jealousies and disagreeable actions of her fellow singers” according to an account in The Globe and Commercial Advertiser New York printed on 16 December 1904. She then performed in private musicales where she attracted the attention of the great Nellie Melba.

San Francisco Call, Volume 98, Number 9, 9 June 1905

San Francisco Call, Volume 98, Number 9, 9 June 1905

Success

Melba was a former student of Madame Marchesi and was one of opera’s star sopranos. She considered Elizabeth her protege; the one who would take her place on the world’s stages.  It was Melba who suggested that Elizabeth use the stage name of “Elizabeth Parkina” so that the Italians would be able to pronounce her name.  It was in Italy, after all, that everyone expected that Elizabeth would find her success.  But it was in England, not Italy,  that Elizabeth’s career took off.  

A coat worn by Elizabeth Parkinson when she performed for Edward VI of England.  The coat is part of the Bates County Museum's permanent collection.

A coat worn by Elizabeth Parkinson when she performed for Edward VI of England. The coat is part of the Bates County Museum’s permanent collection.

    With Melba’s help, Elizabeth got an audition at the Covent Garden Royal Opera in 1903. She would spend the next four years there.   On that stage she performed with Madame Melba and Enrico Caruso in La Boheme as Musette. Elizabeth had the opportunity to perform for King Alfonso of Spain and King Edward VI of England during  Alfonso’s state visit in 1905.  She would go on to perform for Edward VI a second time.  That same year she embarked on a highly successful tour of Melba’s native country of Australia. She also made a homecoming of sorts when she appeared with Melba at the Convention Hall in Kansas City, MO on 4 January of 1905.  Butler’s own Bessie Parkinson had become a star. Snippet of Elizabeth Parkinson program Finale

The fame and constant travel had taken a toll on Elizabeth.  She was forced to retire from performing due to ill health.  After 15 years of living in Europe and touring the world, she suffered a nervous breakdown.  She spent the rest of her life as an invalid in her home in Colorado Springs, CO.  In 1921 Elizabeth entered a sanitarium in Colorado Springs for treatment for tuberculosis.  She died there on 10 June 1922.  She was 44 years old.  Her brother Francis accompanied her body back to Missouri where she was layed to rest at Greenfield Cemetery in Greenfield, Dade, MO.

For more information on Nellie Melba and Madame Marchesi: http://www.nelliemelbamuseum.com.au/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Marchesi

Elizabeth’s Find A Grave memorial: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=parkinson&GSfn=elizabeth&GSmn=mccollum&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSob=n&GRid=67634399&df=all&

Royal Academy of Music Entry:http://apollo.ram.ac.uk/emuweb/pages/ram/display.php?irn=17889

Hear Elizabeth sing: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YotoT58lo98